REFNOVA - Proprietary Patented Process

Nova Pangaea Technologies is a cleantech company that has developed a proprietary patented process to convert non-food plant residues into biofuels and chemicals.


REFNOVA incorporates a multi-phase design, with a total of nine key stages:

Phase 0:
Feedstock Preparation – Stages 1 & 2

Phase 1:
Sugar Liberation – Stages 3 & 4

Phase 2:
C5 Sugar Extraction – Stages 5 & 6

Phase 3:
C6 Sugar Extraction – Stages 7, 8 & 9

1. Feedstock Sourcing

REFNOVA is compatible with a wide variety of 2nd generation biomass e.g. bagasse, silver birch chips and wheat straw

2. Milling

Biomass feedstock is milled at an offsite location to maximise its surface area

3. Pre-Treatment

Milled feedstock is fed into a fluidisation vessel to initiate the breakdown of its sugars

4. Fractionation

Fluidised mixture is plug fed to the CF100 reactor whereby it is exposed to heat and pressure

5. Washing

Fractionated material is flashed across to a vacuum driven washer, which extracts the first of the products - liquid C5 sugars

6. Drying

The washed material is fed to a hot air dryer to remove excess moisture, before then being vacuum conveyed downstream

7. Thermolysis

Dried material is exposed to high temperatures, lignin is converted to, and extracted as char; sugars are vaporised and fed downstream

8. Condensing

Sugar vapours are passed through a cold-water condenser and liquified to thermolysis liquid

9. Acid Hydrolysis

Thermolysis liquid is then fed into a vessel whereby it is hydrolysed via acid and extracted as the third and final product – liquid C6 sugars